How to Address Itchy Skin Rash before it Becomes a Chronic Condition
Itchy skin rash can be triggered by different factors such as bacterial infection or insect bite. It’s important for patients to know exactly the type of rash they are suffering from. This would help them administer the correct treatment.
Conditions that may cause itchy skin
1. Psoriasis. It affects 2.3% of the US population and 3.1% of the entire globe. Psoriasis is characterized by periodic flares of red patches that may be covered with silvery, flaky scales on the dermis. The precise cause of this disorder is still unknown. However, some researchers believe there are certain factors that can prompt it. These include environmental causes, gene mutations and overactive immune structure. Other causes are infection, low body calcium and skin injury.
2. Scabies. This rash is elicited by a small mite that digs beneath the patient’s skin. It’s red, protruded and found around the wrists and fingers. The condition is treated with a special ointment, though in some cases it may last for well over a full month. To make a diagnosis, the health-care giver may scrape out part of the irritation and assess it under a magnified microscope. Nevertheless, if the mite isn’t found on the scrap then your medic may conduct a thorough skin biopsy for more efficient results. Apart from the fingers, symptoms may also show within the groin and genitalia. When not addressed in time then scabies may spread down to the legs, this can be very unsightly and embarrassing to the patient.
Rashes often prompt people to scratch, however most physicians advice against such action as it may lead to a vicious infection cycle. Rubbing only provides temporary relief but doesn’t treat the underlying condition. Moreover, it may cause the skin to break apart thus making the bacteria to spread over into other body parts. This is often considered as secondary infection. Moreover, if the scratching persists for more than a month then it may cause lichenification, this is a small dark pigmentation around the affected part.
Some of the most popular topical itch remedies are creams, lotions and cold applications.
i) Cold applications. Since itch and cold sensations pass through one nerve fiber, using cold packs can numb the circuits thus deadening the itch. The easiest way to administer this treatment is by running cool water on the affected part, or putting a cold washcloth onto the affected part. One can also use commercial ice cubes, they are available over-the-counter and come in convenient plastic bags. Additionally, cool bath products that contain pure colloidal oatmeal can be bought to relieve the itch.
ii) Anti-itch lotions. They include products such as camphor, phenol, menthol, benzocaine, pramoxine and diphenhydramine. Most of these creams contain the compound hydrocortisone. This element only addresses itches that are caused by cortisone bacteria, such as seborrhea and eczema. When the itching is triggered by insects then hydrocortisone may not be much help, instead try natural alternatives such as vinegar and lemon. If you apply the ointment for a period of 10 days but there no difference, then contact your physician for immediate assistance.